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Keywords: prevention; parenting skills; intervention engagement
The goal of the Parenting Young Children (PYC) Project is to increase participation in evidence-based parenting programs to help maximize the public health benefits of these programs. PYC was originally funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (K01MH074045) to develop and pilot test strategies for increasing parenting program participation. The first project focused on parents of kindergarten and 3rd grade children living in highly disadvantaged, Phoenix neighborhoods. All participants were offered a free parenting program, the Triple P Positive Parenting Program, which was delivered at their child’s school. The study experimentally evaluated whether the engagement package produced higher enrollment, attendance, and parenting program involvement as compared to a brochure plus attention-control interview. Findings from this efficacy trial showed that parents of children rated by teachers as having concentration and conduct problems attended a greater number of sessions if they had been assigned to the experimental engagement condition, indicating that the engagement package increased participation for high-need families. The engagement package also increased participation among highly acculturated, low-income Mexican Americans, who have been difficult to engage into parenting programs.
With funding from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01DA033352), we are now in the process of conducting an effectiveness trial of the engagement package using a dismantling design to identify the component(s) responsible for the effects, so we can make the engagement package as streamlined and effective as possible when delivered by schools. Compared to an information-only condition, we expect families randomly assigned to the full engagement package will show higher attendance in an evidence-based parenting intervention, the Triple P Positive Parenting Program; which in turn, will lead to greater improvements in risk factors for substance abuse and mental health disorders (child conduct problems and parenting skill deficits) from pre- to post-test. Findings supporting this hypothesis would indicate that the motivationally-enhanced engagement methods could dramatically increase the public health impact of effective parenting interventions.
Dr. Winslow graduated with a B.S. in Psychology from Indiana University, Bloomington and received a PhD in Clinical & Developmental Psychology from the University of Pittsburgh. She completed a clinical internship at the Duke University Medical School and postdoctoral fellowship in Prevention Science at ASU. Dr. Winslow conducts research to increase the public health impact of evidence-based, preventive parenting interventions. Her current research focuses on developing and evaluating theory-based strategies for increasing engagement into effective parenting and family-based interventions. Dr. Winslow also collaborates with other researchers at ASU and the University of Pittsburgh to investigate the effectiveness of parenting and family-based preventive interventions and to examine developmental trajectories of children living in poverty. Dr. Winslow is the Principal Investigator for the REACH Institute’s Parenting Young Children Project and is a co-investigator for the New Beginnings Program and the Bridges to High School Program.
Winslow, E. B., Braver, S., Cialdini, R, Sandler, I., Betkowski, J., Tein, J-Y, Hita, L., Bapat, M., Wheeler, L., & Lopez, M. (2018). Video-based approach to engaging parents into a preventive parenting intervention for divorcing families: Results of a randomized controlled trial. Prevention Science, 19, 674-684. doi:10.1007/s11121-017-0791-3
Sitnick, S., Shaw, D., Weaver, C., Shelleby, E., Choe, D., Reuben, J., Gilliam, M., Winslow, E., & Taraban, L. (2017). Early childhood predictors of severe youth violence in low-income male adolescents. Child Development, 88(1), 27-40. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12680
Winslow, E. B., Poloskov, E., Begay, R., Tein, J-Y., Sandler, I., & Wolchik, S. (2016). A randomized trial of methods to engage Mexican American parents into a school-based parenting intervention. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 84(12), 1094-1107. doi: 10.1037/ccp0000140. PMCID: 27599226.
Mahrer, N., Winslow, E., Wolchik, S., Tein, J-Y, & Sandler, I. (2014). Effects of a preventive parenting intervention for divorced families on the intergenerational transmission of parenting attitudes in young adult offspring. Child Development, 85(5), 2091-2105. DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12258
Wolchik, S., Sandler, I., Tein, J-Y., Mahrer, N., Millsap, R., Winslow, E., Vélez, C., Porter, M., Luecken, L., & Reed, A. (2013). Fifteen-year follow-up of a randomized trial of a preventive intervention for divorced families: Effects on mental health and substance use outcomes in young adulthood. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81(4), 660-673. DOI: 10.1037/a0033235
Winslow, E. B., Sandler, I., Wolchik, S. A., & *Carr, C. (2012). Building resilience in all children: A public health approach. In S. Goldstein & R. Brooks (Eds.), Handbook of resilience in children (2nd ed.) (pp. 459-480). NY: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4614-3661-4_27.
McClain, D. B., Wolchik, S., Winslow, E., Tein, J., Sandler, I., & Millsap, R. (2010). Developmental cascade effects of the New Beginnings Program on adolescent adaptation outcomes. Development & Psychopathology, 22, 771-784. DOI: 10.1017/S0954579410000453. PMCID: PMC2950317.
Winslow, E., Bonds, D. B., Wolchik, S., Sandler, I., & Braver, S. (2009). Predictors of enrollment and retention in a preventive parenting intervention for divorced families. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 30(2), 151-172. DOI: 10.1007/s10935-009-0170-3. PMCID: PMC2682618.
Winslow, E. B., & Shaw, D. S. (2007). Impact of neighborhood disadvantage on overt behavior problems during early childhood. Aggressive Behavior, 33, 207-219. DOI: 10.1002/ab.20178.